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Create cookies using JavaScript

Posted by Praveen Kumar on February 22, 2008

Create and Store a Cookie
First, we create a function that stores the name of the visitor in a cookie variable

function setCookie(c_name,value,expiredays)
{var exdate=new Date();exdate.setDate(exdate.getDate()+expiredays);
document.cookie=c_name+ “=” +escape(value)+
((expiredays==null) ? “” : “;expires=”+exdate.toGMTString());
}

Then, we create another function that checks if the cookie has been set

function getCookie(c_name)
{
if (document.cookie.length>0)
{
c_start=document.cookie.indexOf(c_name + “=”);
if (c_start!=-1)
{
c_start=c_start + c_name.length+1;
c_end=document.cookie.indexOf(“;”,c_start);
if (c_end==-1) c_end=document.cookie.length;
return unescape(document.cookie.substring(c_start,c_end));
}
}
return “”;
}

Last, we create the function that displays a welcome message if the cookie is set, and if the cookie is not set it will display a prompt box, asking for the name of the user

function checkCookie()
{
username=getCookie(‘username’);
if (username!=null && username!=””)
{
alert(‘Welcome again ‘+username+’!’);
}
else
{
username=prompt(‘Please enter your name:’,””);
if (username!=null && username!=””)
{
setCookie(‘username’,username,365);
}
}
}

All together now

<html>
<head>
<script type=”text/javascript”>
function getCookie(c_name)
{
if (document.cookie.length>0)
{
c_start=document.cookie.indexOf(c_name + “=”);
if (c_start!=-1)
{
c_start=c_start + c_name.length+1;
c_end=document.cookie.indexOf(“;”,c_start);
if (c_end==-1) c_end=document.cookie.length;
return unescape(document.cookie.substring(c_start,c_end));
}
}
return “”;
}function setCookie(c_name,value,expiredays)
{var exdate=new Date();exdate.setDate(exdate.getDate()+expiredays);
document.cookie=c_name+ “=” +escape(value)+
((expiredays==null) ? “” : “;expires=”+exdate.toGMTString());
}function checkCookie()
{
username=getCookie(‘username’);
if (username!=null && username!=””)
{
alert(‘Welcome again ‘+username+’!’);
}
else
{
username=prompt(‘Please enter your name:’,””);
if (username!=null && username!=””)
{
setCookie(‘username’,username,365);
}
}
}
</script>
</head><body onLoad=”checkCookie()”>
</body>
</html>

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